Welcome!! to EARLY WOMEN MASTERS EAST & WEST
Includes Ancient to Early Modernism — Creative Women in Art History,
Women in Music, Poetry & Greek Myth, Women Taoist & Zen Masters
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1942 Self Portrait with Monkey and Parrot ABOVE by Mexican artist, FRIDA KAHLO (1907-1954)
Cat illustrated below left is by MARY FEDDEN (1915-2012).
More early 20th century, women artists at this site include:
DADA with Sophie Taeuber-Arp (1889-1943), illustrated above-right
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Celebrate the colorful abstractions of SONIA DELAUNAY (1885-1979, photo center) and
the amazing still lifes and folk paintings of MARY FEDDEN (1915-2012, photo right)
See: NATURAL ABSTRACTION in the art of Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) (with notes on
O'Keeffe and Zen Buddhism: her 1930's photo above right)
ANCIENT CHINESE TAOISM — THE FEMININE TAO
"To teach the Tao, evaporate like clouds
and fall like rain." — Kari Hohne
Poem below by Immortal Sister — Taoist Master Sun Bu-er (12th c.)
"The relic from before birth
Enters one's heart one day.
Be as careful as if you were holding a full vessel,
Be as gentle as if you were caressing an infant.
The gate of earth should be shut tight,
The portals of heaven should be first opened.
Wash the yellow sprouts clean,
And atop the mountain is thunder shaking the earth."
TAO: GUEST OR HOST?
Illustrated with a sculpture by Emma Stebbins (1815-1882)
From Kari Hohne's WAY OF TAO:
"Just as the seed holds within a blueprint of everything it will become,
you too are guided by a profound sense of inner direction....
Taoism evolved as a study of natural processes, and how human beings
can return to a more natural way of being in the world. One blends into the
seamless unity of life, without losing the sense of self. Its emphasis on the
individual, who learns to activate a power within, makes Taoism unique."
Kari Hohne also says: "Only by giving can you discover your gifts."
1781 Self Portrait by ANGELICA KAUFFMANN (1707-1782)
Thoughts on WOMEN MASTERS &|
TAO TE CHING by Stephen Mitchell
"The reader will notice in the many passages where Lao-tzu describes the Master,
I have used the pronoun 'she' at least as often as 'he.' The Chinese language doesn't
make this kind of distinction; in English we have to choose. But since we are all,
potentially, the Master (since the Master is, essentially, us) I felt it would be untrue to
present a male archetype, as other versions have ironically, done. Ironically, because
of all the great world religions, the teaching of Lao-tzu is by far the most female."
HYMNING the TAO TE CHING
(Literal 81 Chapter CHINESE & ENGLISH, searchable on a single page — (a gender inclusive
version, illustrated with original, Nature Photography by earlywomenmasters.net)
(AMERICAN QUILTS: "Flying Squares") with CAT/DOVE Ceramic.|
EMILY DICKINSON'S POETRY — A NATURE MYSTICISM LABYRINTH
| Explore a clickable, 4-circuit-meander and multi-page labyrinth, comprised of 32 mystic poems by Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), and each combining nature spirituality with travel imagery. The site includes related commentary adapted from ED's own poems and letters, and see at this site a guide to Emily Dickinson's HERBARIUM, along with links to ONLINE botanical illustrations. The labyrinth includes related commentary adapted from ED's own writings, with links to related slideshows and A GARDEN 'TIS...WHAT?
For Dickinson offsite at Wordpress: have a look also at: DICKINSONGS—a tribute to Emily Dickinson's Philosophy of the Small. Young Dickinson photo illustrated right: detail from a daguerreotype. Dickinson says: "I dwell in Possibility — a fairer House than Prose — more numerous of Windows — superior for Doors —"
WOMEN & THE ARTS
See: WOMEN ARTISTS AT THE EASEL - Self-Portraits (1540-1980)
In 1548, the Flemish Renaissance painter Caterina van Hemessen (b.1528)
first self-portrait of any artist, depicted with brush and palette, working at an easel. Her
achievement is celebrated here with a slideshow including 23 additional self portraits
by great women artists, spanning more than 400 years and 12 countries of origin.
MORE WOMEN ARTISTS' SELF PORTRAITS
Above painted 1905: Self Portrait, Alice Pike Barney (1857–1931), mother of
the great, American playwright, poet & novelist, Natalie Clifford Barney (1876-1972)
See also at this site: WOMEN ARTISTS SELF PORTRAITS by:
Caterina Van Hemessen (1548) |
Sofonisba Anguissola (1556) |
Artemisia Gentileschi (1639) |
Judith Leyser (1630's) |
Elisabetta Sirani (1660) |
Anna Waser (1691) |
Angelica Kauffman (1781) |
Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (1782) |
Anne Vallayer-Coster (1783) |
Adélaïde Labille-Guiard (1785) |
Marie-Guillemine Benoist (1790) |
Marie-Victoire Lemoine (ca. 1796) |
Marie Ellenrieder (1819) |
Anna Bilinska Bohdanowicz (b. 1857, painting: 1887) |
Rosa Bonheur (1857) |
Mary Cassatt (1876) |
Berthe Morisot (1885) |
Alice Pike Barney (1905) |
Zinaida Serebriakova (1907) |
Alice Bailly (1917) |
Suzanne Valadon (1937) |
Frida Kahlo (1941) |
Bridget Riley (1965) |
Alice Neel (1980)
In addition, a fascinating slideshow of photos of and works by the Mexican artist,
FRIDA KAHLO (1907-1954), focusing entirely on her famous self portraits.
1782 SELF PORTRAIT (detail) by Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (1755-1842)
Above: TWO GIRLS (1935) by the American painter, Isabel Bishop (1902-1988)
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ISABEL BISHOP: TWO NUDES, 1925
Wiki Notes: "The nude figure is a tradition in Western art, and has been used
to express ideals of male and female beauty and other human qualities. It was a
central preoccupation of Ancient Greek art, and after a semi-dormant period in the
Middle Ages, it returned to a central position in Western art in the Renaissance."
Isabel Bishop bequeaths her own ideas about her paintings and drawings in a couple of personal essays dating back to 1953 and there, she states the following (republished in ISABEL BISHOP: Prints & Drawings, Brooklyn Museum, 1964):
"Genre drawings are never heroic, never the 'grand manner,' and never large. Also they are never 'compositions.' [...] In this particular kind of artistic expression, the subject must seem unmanipulated — as though a piece of life had been sneaked up on, seized and somehow became art, without anything having been done to it. This is the way it seems which is part of the content."
Above: ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM, with HELEN FRANKENTHALER (1928-2011)
31 Beautiful Paintings Illustrated — above left: Frankenthaler's "A LITTLE ZEN" (1970)
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Isabel Bishop, 1957
See also Bishop's "PORTRAIT OF AN OFFICE GIRL," a detail from the drawing shown right, created with pencil, red ink, and wash white heightening on paper—the date unknown, but there is a similarity in this drawing, that is, in the cap and the ruffled collar of the clothing, with the rendering of the clothing of the "TWO GIRLS" (1935) illustrated above.|
And regards the painting, TWO GIRLS, Isabel Bishop had two acquaintances from the Union Square area [in New York City], and who agreed to pose for the picture, so that Bishop could capture the interaction of the two figures. The work took more than a year to complete, and it was painted with oil and tempera.
Additional notes on Isabel Bishop, that is, her life, education and her art works are available at Wikipedia, along with other great 19th-20th c. Women Artists.
SELF PORTRAIT by Mary Cassatt (1844-1926), gouache & watercolor, 1880, with Cassatt Photo
SAPPHO reading a Greek manuscript (possibly her own poetry) and right, a
sculpture of the mother of DEMETER, Rhea, with bird crown, Crete ca. 1200 BCE.
ART & MYTHOLOGY:
ANCIENT GREEK HYMN TO DEMETER & PERSEPHONE
*Sappho or another female author for the Hymn?
Cast of Characters | Offsite at Wordpress: Journeys with Demeter & Plato
See SAPPHO'S WORD: Selected word-puzzles, epithets and imagistic ideas:
Sappho's inspirational fragments as cited by ancient authors.
The 25 Episodes of the HYMN TO DEMETER & PERSEPHONE
Ancient Greek Transliteration and Translation: Citations from feminist
& Other Commentary, Art & Photo Illustrations, Glossary, see below by Line Number
Medieval & Renaissance Music CDs|
Women composers, music by Kassia (Gregorian), Hildegard of Bingen, Trobairitz (Medieval Women Troubadours), Chansons de Femme, performed by Sinfonye, Anonymous 4, Sequentia, Circle Dances, Christine de Pisan, Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth I, the Black Madonna, Bridget of Ireland
|(More on) FOLLOWING THE WAY OF TAO |
Picturing Tao & Picturing I Ching (Enigmatic & Nature Slideshows)
THE WAY OF ENSŌ (Enigmatic Circles!! Slideshow)
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See also: SPIRITUAL ALCHEMY FOR WOMEN, with Mary Cassatt (1844-1926)
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Women Masters in the Chuang-tzu
Magical Calligraphy of Tokai Okon
Immortal Sister Sun Bu-er (Taoist Poetry & Historical Legend)
Uncarved WOOD (Nature Mysticism with Photography)
WHAT IS ZEN? According to the Soto Zen Buddhist Association:
"Zen evolved from the teachings of the historical Buddha who lived 2500 years ago in India.
These teachings spread to China some six hundred years later. Zen (called Ch’an in China)
developed in Mahayana Buddhist monasteries in the 7th Century.
Inspired in part by the Chinese practice of the TAO, Ch’an/Zen was characterized by
spontaneity and naturalness." See also NATURAL SOUNDS (Idiophonics, with sound effects)
in Early Japanese Women's Poetry (includes separate BIBLIOGRAPHY)
Studies on compassion: KUAN YIN and TARA (Illustrations by Mayumi Oda)
MT. FUJI's Japanese SHINTO Goddesses | waka poetry by Princess SHIKISHI
EARLY WOMEN MASTERS EAST & WEST|
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