THE FEMININE TAO 
CHAPTER FORTY-THREE
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Tao Te Ching (Daodejing) (Intro) : 32 Nature Mystic Chapters :
gender-inclusive translations, calligraphy, citations, seal scripts :

01, 04, 06, 07, 08    09, 10, 11, 15, 21, 22, 23    26, 28, 29, 32, 35,
40, 43, 45, 47    48, 49, 51, 52, 56, 63, 67    70, 73, 77, 79.
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Hymning the Tao Te Ching
(Literal 81 Chapter Chinese-English Study Version)
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Hyperlinked Bibliography: Women Authors on the Tao Te Ching
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Chinese Character for Know, Zhi
KNOW [Know Directly] (知 = Zhi)
Pictograph = Mouth with Arrow [winged words]
"By knowing Wu Wei"

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Shrine of Wisdom (1924)

The weakest thing in the world may overcome the strongest.

TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT
(1) Heaven (2) below (3) the same's (4) utmost (5) softness
(6) rushes (7) and overrides (8) heaven (9) below (10) the same's (11) utmost (12) hardness

The Inner Life is all-pervading: it enters by the inner door.
By knowing Wu Wei, I know the plenary Inner Life.
To teach without words;
To benefit without action;
How few in the world attain to this.

---


Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Stephen Mitchell (1988)

The gentlest thing in the world
overcomes the hardest thing in the world.
That which has no substance
enters where there is no space.
This shows the value of non-action. [*]

Teaching without words,
performing without actions
that is the Master's way.

Chinese Character for Know, Space, Jian
SPACE / OPENING (間 = Jian)
Pictograph = Sunlight through a Door
"That which has no substance
enters where there is no space."

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Ursula K. Le Guin (1998)

What's softest in the world
rushes and runs [*]
over what's hardest in the world.

The immaterial
enters
the impenetrable. [**]

TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT
(1) non- (2) being (3) enters (4) the non- (5) spacial

So I know the good in not doing --
not many people understand it. [*]

---
[*] EMILY DICKINSON says:
"How strange that Nature does not knock
and yet does not intrude!"

---
[**] WITTER BYNNER [translator, 1944] says:
"As the soft yield of water cleaves obstinate stone,
so to yield with life solves the insoluble."

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Kari Hohne (2009)

The most submissive thing in the world
can ride roughshod over the hardest thing.

That which has no substance
enters into that which has no crevices.

From this I know the benefit of taking no action;
This is the teaching without words that few understand.

---

Daodejing / Tao Te Ching / Chapter Forty-Three in Seal Script
(Zhuanshu 篆文, with Wang Pi / Wang Bi Version)
Seal script for Daodejing / Tao Te Ching Chapter 43
Chapter 43 Seal Script & Interlinear English
TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT
(1) Heaven (2) below (3) the same's (4) utmost (5) softness
(6) rushes (7) and overrides (8) heaven (9) below (10) the same's (11) utmost (12) hardness

TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT
(1) non- (2) being (3) enters (4) the non- (5) spacial
TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT 43d
(1) we / to us (2) this is (3) how (4) it is known
(5) without (6) doing, (7) the same's (8) having (9) the [most] benefit

TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT 43efg
(1) without (2) words, (3) the same's (4) instruction
(5) without (6) doing, (7) the same's (8) benefit
(9) in heaven (10) below (11) scarce/precious (12) who attain (13) to this


Chinese Character for Benefit, Yi
BENEFIT / ADVANTAGE (益 = Yi)
Pictograph = Water overflowing a Saucer
"I know the advantage of non-action."

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by P. J. Maclagan (1898-99)

1.
What is softest in the world overcomes what is hardest.
The non-existent enters where there is no crevice.
Wherefore I know the advantage of non-action.

TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT 43d
(1) we / to us (2) this is (3) how (4) it is known
(5) without (6) doing, (7) the same's (8) having (9) the [most] benefit

2.
The speech-less teaching, the action-less advantage,
In the world few attain to.

---

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Herrymon Mauer (1985)

The softest things beneath heaven
Overcome the hardest.
Nothingness alone penetrates no-space.
Hence I know the use
Of nothing-doing.

The lessons of nothing-speaking,
The use of nothing-doing:
Rare attainments beneath heaven!

---

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Tolbert McCarroll (1982)

The most yielding of all things
overcomes the hardest of all things.
That which has no substance
enters where there is no crevice.

Hence, I know the value of action without striving.

Few things under heaven bring more benefit than
the lessons learned from silence and
the actions taken without striving.

---

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by John Chalmers (1868)

The weakest things in the world will gallop
over the strongest.      
The non-existent enters into all things
without any crevice.      
And I by this understand how useful
non-action is.      
Silent teaching, passive usefulness, --      
few in the world attain to this.

---

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Chao-Hsiu Chen (2004)

The softest under Heaven
      can ride roughshod over the hardest.

That without substance
      can enter even into the smallest space.

That is why I know the benefit of doing nothing.

Teaching without words, benefiting without doing:
      there are unfortunately very few people
      under Heaven who can reach these goals.

---


Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by R. B. Blakney (1955)

The softest of stuff in the world
Penetrates quickly the hardest;
Insubstantial, it enters
Where no room is.

By this I know the benefit
Of something done by quiet being; [*]
In all the world but few can know
Accomplishment apart from work,
Instruction when no words are used.

---
[*] ISABELLA MEARS (1922) comments:
"[T]he sage tells us, by way of our own doorway we enter into consciousness of our inner, spiritual life. We cannot enter by another man's door, only by our own individual, private door. Each one who thus enters into the conscious possession of his spiritual life begins at once to realize that it is superabundant, overflowing, ever freshly springing up. It puts fresh impulse into everything we do or say. It flows out from us to others in a living stream of love, often unconsciously to ourselves, often consciously, but always fruitfully. So we keep on sending to others, in exact proportion as we open our doorway to let the love and blessing come through from the Great Fountain of all love and all blessing."

Tao Te Ching: Chapter 43
translated by Ellen M. Chen (1989)

The softest in the world,
Gallops in the hardest in the world.
That which is not penetrates that
      which has no crevice.

I thereby know the benefit of no-action (wu-wei).
The teaching without words,
The benefit of no-action,
Hardly anything in the world can
      compare with them.

---
TAO TE CHING SEAL SCRIPT 43efg
(1) without (2) words, (3) the same's (4) instruction
(5) without (6) doing, (7) the same's (8) benefit
(9) in heaven (10) below (11) scarce
(12) can attain to (13) these

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